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Children programming is the new normal. From so many codes, there are some code languages for kids, especially. The learning curve must be age appropriate and step-by-step in order for children to have a strong foundation. Kids coding languages include a wide variety, beginning at Scratch, and extending till CSS.

When teaching a child programming, the first step is to pick a language. 

Here is an age-wise list of the best programming languages for kids:

1. Top 3 programming languages for kids who are 7 years and above

2. Top 3 programming languages for kids who are 10 years and above

3. Top 3 programming languages for kids who are 14 years and above

Let’s talk about the top 3 kids’ coding languages,for children over the age of 6.

  • Scratch:

Kids love learning Scratch. This is because it is a visual programming language for children. It is a free programming language, developed by MIT’s Lifelong Kindergarten Lab. Scratch includes beginners’ tutorials, curriculum instructions to assist parents, and a network of users.

It involves using a building-block visual interface which appeals to children. Each block represents a part of a code. Kids are supposed to stack the blocks accordingly to combine programming components like actions, events, and operators to generate a desirable result. Each block has a specific shape, which are to be combined accordingly. Kids design animations and games by using pre-made images and characters. It’s a simple drag and drop mechanism. They can upload such new icons of their own, depending on how they want their creation to be. A great part of Scratch is that it does not need an internet connection.

Similarly, Carnegie-Melon University designed Alice – a free 3D programming tool. Alice is designed to teach kids programming languages. It teaches object-oriented programming languages like C++ by a building blocks method, and drag-and-drop interface that is similar to Scratch. It is a visual approach that allows children to get creative and design animations, and games. For instance, kids can design 3D models, camera motions,  and scenery accordingly. A simple play button allows them to go over their creation with ease.

In addition, Blockly is a Google creation that refined Scratch’s model. It uses the same block-building visual approach, and has several programming languages as output codes. For instance, JavaScript, Python, Lua, Dart and PHP are such output codes. Therefore, Blockly is a visual editor as well as a programming language for children.

Most importantly, the code appears on the side of your screen as you link code-blocks together, and you can switch programming languages. Doing this enables you to see the differences in language syntax. Therefore, Blockly is perfect to teach younger and older kids programming languages of a wide range. Blockly is the backbone for the Android App Inventor since Android apps are created on it. MIT has now taken control of Blockly.

The top 3 kids’ coding languages for children over the age of 10 are here!

  • JavaScript:

JavaScript is a more advanced code language for kids. It is an object-oriented procedural programming language. It is used for front-end or client-facing applications, and its actions are executed on a user’s computer. Since the the language is very popular, it can be implemented on all types of internet browsers. This makes JavaScript perfect to create intricate and interactive web applications. JavaScript is therefore perfect for kids who want to pursue app and web development, and designing. After their 1st language on the level of Scratch, JavaScript and similar codes, should be the next kids’ coding languages to learn.

  • Java:

As a coding language for kids, Java is a little more advanced than JavaScript. This makes it the best programming language for high school students. Java is extremely popular, and is growing in popularity every day. Most importantly, more than 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies use Java. Thus, a student’s education and job opportunities improve drastically once they learn Java. Developing on their coding skills in college and acquiring specializations and degrees in it will help them reap added benefits.

Being a statically typed language, the student has to specify a variable type. Because of this nature, apps built with Java are more stable, can expanded on and maintained easily. It is perfect for kids on an intermediate level to design game engines, Android apps and back-end environments. Minecraft is one such game that kids can learn Java on. Thanks to Minecraft, it is easy and fun to teach this code language for kids. If your kid is giving the Computer Science AP exam, ensure that they do a course on Java!

  • HTML + CSS

The abbreviation of HTML is HyperText Markup Language. A coding language developed by Tim Berners-Lee in the 1990s, has since then been developed majorly. Essentially, HTML is a hidden code, and builds a communication bridge on the worldwide web aka ‘www’. HTML works by the programmer using “tags” to the text. Subsequently, they create a web page in order to set it up with structures and graphics.

Pertinently, HTML includes 3 important aspects: the main heading, paragraph, and bullet list. While no specific software is required to run HTML, it is simply used to easily design a web page using either notepad on Windows, or TextEdit if you’re on a Mac. Because of how easy it is to use, kids can pick up this code language in order to design websites in a jiffy!

CSS complements HTML because it us used to style components on HTML websites. Be it margins and font colors, width and height, images and videos, backgrounds, lines and positioning, layout designs and all types of visual aspects – CSS makes it happen! Because of this structure, it is key for children programming, to learn HTML and CSS jointly. CSS also empowers young minds to get creative and design a beautiful website which gathers more traffic.

 

For the top 3 kids’ coding languages for children over the age of 14, read on.

  • Python

Funnily enough, Python is a programming language that is named after the series Monty Python. It is considered as one of the easiest programming language for children to learn, owing to its simplified syntax and focus on white-space. Because Python requires fewer sets of codes to operate, it is ideal for students of a slightly more advanced age to learn quickly.

Used by Google, Disney and people with a background in science, Python is perfect for developing complex subjects. Be it video games and movies, scientific and numeric computing projects, or web pages, Python is the way to go. Owing to this nature, it is the best programming language for kids who want opportunities in similar backgrounds. Most importantly, cyber security and artificial intelligence are growing fields, and Python is additionally implemented here as well. Therefore students who pick up on it now, are sure to win huge opportunities in the near future.

  • C++

C++ is THE code language for kids who want a deeper understanding in code. Students can use it easily to create applications that run locally on PCs. Even though it takes time to understand the complexity of C++, it continues to remain one of the best programming language for children. Your kid will learn how to create systems software, games, and a wide selection of other resume highlight undertakings. It is especially perfect for children programming to create games.

  • C#

Pronounced as “see sharp”, C# enables kids to create 3-D games. Popularly used to create third-party applications for Windows, C# is the fourth most popular programming language for job opportunities, and the best programming language for high school students with the capacity to learn it. Since it is similar to Java, it is easy for students to learn quickly. Largely known as a Microsoft clone of Java, C# is used to create web applications, games, and other programs as well. Students with an interest in application designing, and those who want to learn beyond Java would love learning C#.

Map out your child’s first step into coding, and figure out how they can move from them. Ensure that this is according to their interests and the future opportunities they would be good at.